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Stagflation: As If Inflation Alone Wasn't Enough…

Stagflation—an economic term that often lurks in the shadows, overshadowed by its more renowned counterpart, inflation. But what exactly is stagflation, and why does it matter? Let's delve into this elusive economic phenomenon.

What is Stagflation?

Stagflation is a rare economic phenomenon characterized by a combination of stagnant economic growth, high inflation, and high unemployment rates. Unlike traditional economic theories that suggest inflation and unemployment have an inverse relationship, stagflation challenges this notion by presenting a scenario where both inflation and unemployment rise simultaneously.

Causes of Stagflation

While the Austrian School of Economics may not represent the mainstream perspective, its insights offer a unique lens through which to understand stagflation. The Austrian School of Economics typically views stagflation as a consequence of government intervention and monetary mismanagement rather than as a natural outcome of market forces.

Stagflation, characterized by stagnant economic growth, high unemployment, and inflation, is often seen by Austrian economists as a result of central bank policies that distort interest rates and create artificial booms and busts in the economy. They argue that excessive government spending, deficits, and loose monetary policy lead to malinvestment and resource misallocation, ultimately causing economic imbalances and stagflation.

Therefore, Austrian economists advocate for a laissez-faire approach to economic policy, emphasizing free markets, sound money, and limited government intervention as the best way to avoid stagflation and promote long-term economic stability.

Stagflation High Unemployment and Scorching Inflation

Figure 1: Stagflation High Unemployment and Scorching Inflation (source: Craiyon)

Several factors can contribute to the emergence of stagflation:

Effects of Stagflation

Stagflation can have severe consequences for both individuals and the broader economy:

Solutions to Stagflation

Addressing stagflation requires a combination of fiscal, monetary, and structural policies:


Stagflation presents a formidable challenge for policymakers and economists due to its unique combination of stagnant economic growth, high inflation, and high unemployment rates. By understanding the underlying causes and implementing appropriate policy responses, societies can mitigate the adverse effects of stagflation and promote sustainable economic growth.

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Based on the original Czech article: Stagflace – co je stagflace, příčiny, důsledky a řešení.